Do You Know the Statistics on Youth Sports Injury?
- Females injure their ACL’s 2-8x that of male athletes, with soccer and basketball being the highest risk.
- 67% of ACL injuries are non-contact (Zazulak et al, Am J Sports Med 2007)
- 38,000 ACL tears in female athletes per year (Zazulak et al, Am J Sports Med 2007)
- Financially, ACL tears account for 650 million dollars annually for high school and college athletes alone (Zazulak et al, Am J Sports Med 2007)
- Female athletes land from jumps and cut differently than males, leaving their knee in a position of risk for injury (Wojtys and Huston, Am J Sports Med 1996; Kernozek et al, Med Sci Sports Exerc 2005; Jacobs et al, J Ath Train 2007; Landry et al, Am J Sports Med 2007; Jacobs and Mattacola, J Sport Rehabil 2005
- Trained females had a 3.6x lower injury incidence than untrained females. Untrained females had nearly 5x higher incidence of knee injury than untrained males (Hewett et al, Am J Sports Med 1999).
- A 2000 study conducted over 2 years revealed an 88% decrease in ACL injury in a group of athletes who performed a neuromuscular training program compared to a control group. In 2001, there was a 74% decrease in the intervention group (Mandelbaum et al, Am J Sports Med 2005).
- Many reasons for the increased risk exist, but the most significant as well as the most alterable are jumping and landing strategies and hip strength.
- Plyometric (jump) training and strength training have been shown to not only improve landing strategies but also increase strength in young athletes (Lephart et al, Br J Sports Med 2007; Paterno et al, J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2004; Myer et al, J Strength Cond Res 2006; Chimera et al, J Ath Train 2004; Wilkerson et al, J Ath Train 2004; Myer et al, J Strength Cond Res 2005; Myer et al, Am J Sports Med 2006; Chappell et al, Am J Sports Med 2008; Zech et al, Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009; Hubscher et al, Med Sci Sports Exerc 2010).
- A recent article in Time Magazine in February 2012 noted that in the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia had a 400% increase in ACL tears from 1999-2011.